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OWASP Top 10

All about OWASP TOP 10



The Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP) was created in 2001 as a non-profit organisation. Over 32,000 people now volunteer as part of OWASP’s activities, with much of their communication taking place via message boards and email distribution lists. The organisation is intended to be an unbiased body that is not going to promote any one vendor’s products or services. OWASP, on the other hand, attempts to deliver practical knowledge to enterprises all over the world, to provide helpful security advice to help organisations make more educated decisions.



OWASP is dedicated to enhancing software security. It is based on an “open community” approach, which allows anybody to engage in and contribute to projects, events, online conversations, and other activities. OWASP’s guiding concept is that all resources and information on its website are free and easily accessible to anyone.

OWASP provides a wide range of resources, including tools, videos, forums, projects, and events. In a nutshell, OWASP is a one-stop shop for everything web application security, supported by the collective wisdom and experience of its open community contributors. 


What Is OWASP Top 10?

The OWASP Top 10 is an online publication on the OWASP website that ranks the top 10 most critical web application security vulnerabilities and gives repair assistance. The report is based on an international agreement of security professionals. The risks are ranked based on the frequency of security flaws disclosed, the severity of the flaws, and the extent of their possible consequences.

The goal of the report is to provide insight into the most common security risks so that developers and web application security professionals may adopt the research’s findings and suggestions into their security procedures, reducing the prevalence of these recognised hazards in their applications.


How Does OWASP Top 10 Work And Why Is It Important? 

OWASP has been in charge of the Top 10 list since 2003. Every 2-3 years, they update the list to reflect changes and advances in the App Sec sector. For many of the world’s largest enterprises, OWASP provides actionable information and serves as a crucial checklist and internal Web application development guideline.

Failure to address the OWASP Top 10 is frequently seen by auditors as a sign that an organisation is not meeting compliance standards. Integrating the Top 10 into its software development life cycle (SDLC) displays a broad commitment to secure development best practices.

The goal of OWASP is to raise awareness about the most serious security issues we face today. Small and medium-sized organisations, who may not have a huge IT budget and lack cybersecurity experience, will find OWASP to be particularly useful.

These firms can obtain a better understanding of where their systems are vulnerable and how to better protect themselves. They would lose their objectivity and dependability if they accepted advertising or fees for endorsements. There would have been no way of knowing whether they were recommending a security tool because it was the best or because they were being paid to do so


Must Read: Everything You Need To Know About Vulnerability Scanning


What Are The Latest OWASP Top 10 Categories In 2021?


1. Broken Access Control 

Attackers can acquire access to user accounts and behave as users or administrators, and normal users can gain unwanted privileged functions due to a lack of access control. Each position has explicit and separated privileges thanks to strong access safeguards. 

2. Cryptographic Failures 

The protection of data in transit and at rest is covered by Cryptographic Failures, formerly known as Sensitive Data Exposure. Passwords, credit card numbers, medical records, personal information, and other sensitive data are all examples. 

3. Injection 

Injection vulnerabilities in online applications allow attackers to transmit malicious data to an interpreter, which is then compiled and executed on the server. SQL injection is a popular type of injection. 

4. Insecure Design 

Insecure Design refers to a set of flaws caused by the absence or ineffectiveness of security safeguards. Some applications are built without security in mind. Others have a secure concept but implementation problems that can lead to exploitable security flaws. An unsafe design, by definition, cannot be repaired by good implementation or configuration. This is due to a lack of fundamental security mechanisms that can effectively protect against major threats.

5. Security Misconfiguration 

Security A lack of security hardening across the application layer is a misconfiguration. This can involve misconfigured cloud service permissions, unneeded functionality being enabled or installed, and default admin accounts or passwords. XML External Entities (XXE), which was previously a separate OWASP category, is now included as well.

6. Vulnerable And Outdated Components

Vulnerable and Outdated Components refers to flaws in software that are no longer supported or updated. This group of vulnerabilities affects anyone who produces or uses an application without first learning about its core components, their versions, and whether or not they have been updated.

7. Identification And Authentication Failures  

Identification and Authentication Failures, formerly known as Broken Authentication, now include security issues with user identities as well. It is vital to confirm and validate user identities, as well as set up secure session management, to protect against a variety of exploits and attacks.

8. Software And Data Integrity Failures 

Code and infrastructure that are prone to integrity violations are involved in software and data integrity failures. This includes unvalidated software updates, sensitive data modifications, and changes to the CI/CD workflow. There is widespread worry about programmes that update themselves. Attackers hacked into the supply chain in numerous cases and developed their malicious upgrades. 

9. Security Logging And Monitoring Failures 

Monitoring and logging of security incidents Failures, formerly known as Insufficient Logging and Monitoring, are flaws in an application’s capacity to detect and respond to security threats. Without logging and monitoring, breaches cannot be detected. Visibility, alerting, and forensics are all affected by failures in this category.

10. Server-Side Request Forgery 

When a web application takes data from a remote resource based on a user-specified URL without validating the URL, it is called a Server-Side Request Forgery (SSRF) vulnerability. If they accept unvalidated URLs as user inputs, even servers secured by a firewall, VPN, or network access control list (ACL) can be vulnerable to this attack.


Codegrip Follows OWASP Top 10 


To begin, we first need to understand how CodeGrip helps. CodeGrip helps in saving a lot of time, money and effort of the organization by automating the code review process.

Reviewing the written code is as important as the working of the code. With the process of reviewing code, the developer ensures that the code does not contain bugs, smells or errors.

The automation of the process of reviewing code involves a series of steps that helps in the identification of various bugs and vulnerabilities in the software. The process leads to a detailed, in-depth summary of the multiple loopholes in the code that helps the developer in delivering a more secure, error-free and easy-to-use code. 


Must Read: How Automated Code Reviews works


The OWASP acronym stands for “Open Web Application Security Project,” which represents a broad consensus on the most serious security threats to web and mobile applications. OWASP here helps in not just identifying these vulnerabilities but also helps in dealing with them. It also gives developers and security professionals advice on the most critical flaws detected in web applications, which are very easy to attack.

OWASP is best recognized for its Top 10 List of security flaws, which they update and publish on a regular basis. The documentation for the Top 10 List provides a description of each risk, as well as graphics and preventative suggestions.


The combination of OWASP and Codegrip

They ensure that the code is acceptable and does not contain any of the Top 10 errors that are mentioned in the OWASP Top 10.

The development of the list helps in delivering a smooth, appropriate and acceptable code base. The list acts as a checklist that includes all the points that the developer should check with. It provides examples of the code for both “what should be done” and “what should not be done.”  


How OWASP Ensures Code Security 

A fundamental understanding of security principles is required while developing secure software. The purpose of software security is to ensure the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of information resources. It will help successful business activities to take place.

The establishment of security measures helps to achieve this goal. It is helpful to understand what is meant by risk to protect the firm against unacceptable hazards linked with its reliance on software. A risk is a set of circumstances that puts the company’s prosperity in jeopardy. This may come in numerous formats and can put the entire organization in danger.

Software vulnerabilities can hamper the security of the software making it not just unfit but also risky to use. While writing the code, the developer should always keep in mind the numerous security issues that are mentioned in the first part of this article. If you follow the OWASP Top 10 guidelines, your application will be secure. The OWASP Top 10 vulnerabilities are the ones that are harmful and are widespread. By carefully identifying them and doing the needful to avoid them, one can definitely attain a more secure code

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Secure programming is a method of designing software code that protects it from all types of vulnerabilities, attacks, and other threats that could affect the software or the system that uses it.

Secure programming is sometimes known as secure coding as it deals with code security. With careful consideration and usage of the OWASP Top 10, programmers can be sure of developing a secure code base!  


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